The fourth issue of CIVICUS is dedicated to the social movements. Here you can read about the Chartist Movement. They have started the fight for gaining the political rights, equal constituencies and protested against property qualifications. Thus they laid the foundation for the contemporary electoral systems. You will also be introduced to the adventures of Rudi Dutschke and the hippies. The authors seek to answer the following questions: What is the origin of the students’ protest and what was its forms outside of Georgia? Is there a need to mobilize millions of people in order to carry out a social movement? What kind of social battle strategies exists in a modern era?
In this issue, you will also be introduced to the story of 1905 Guria and Bakhvi Manifesto and the movies about social movements.